Online Educational Resouce Collection
Custom Search
The content of the site is exclusively owned by eduresourcecollection dot com
Biology Project for Class 12
Mango epicotyl grafting
 Role of Women in India's struggle for freedom
    Freedom Struggle
    Women freedom fighters of India
    Women freedom fighters of India- Usha Mehta
Comparison of US Presidential election between India’s Lok sabha election


Endangered species of the India
    Threatened Species

Nuclear energy 
NTSE 2012
3. Women freedom fighters of India

3.7 Usha Mehta (March 25, 1920 – August 11, 2000)
Usha Mehta is remembered for broad casting the Congress Radio, and called her the Secret Congress Radio, an underground radio station, which was functioned for few months during the Quit India Movement of 1942.

She is also known as child leader as in 1928, eight-year-old Usha participated in a protest march against the Simon Commission and shouted her first words of protest against the British Raj: “Simon Go Back.” As a child, she did not comprehend the significance of her actions except that she was participating in a movement to free her country under the leadership of Gandhi. She and many other children participated in morning protests against the British Raj and picketing in front of liquor shops.

During the Quit India Movement, Usha quickly became a leader. She moved from New Delhi to Mumbai, where she hoisted the tricolor on August 9, 1942 at Gawalia Tank Ground.

3.8 Kasturba Gandhi (April 11, 1869 – February 22, 1944),

Kasturba Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi's wife worked with him for many years. She was a leader of Women's Satyagraha for which she was imprisoned. She helped her husband in the cause of Indigo workers in Champaran, Bihar and the No Tax Campaign in Kaira, Gujarat. She was arrested twice for picketing liquor and foreign cloth shops, and in 1939 for participating in the Rajkot Satyagraha.

She many times took her husband's place when he was under arrest.

Kasturba suffered from chronic bronchitis. Stress from the Quit India Movement's arrests and ashram life caused her to fall ill. After contracting pneumonia, she died from a severe heart attack on February 22, 1944. She died in Mahatma Gandhi's arms while both were then in prison.

3.9 Kamala Nehru 1899–1936)
Kamala Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru's wife gave full support to her husband in his desire to work actively for the freedom struggle. In the Nehru home town of Allahabad, she organized processions, addressed meetings and led picketing of liquor and foreign cloth shops. She played a prominent part in organizing the No Tax Campaign in United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh).

In the Non Cooperation movement of 1921, she organized groups of women in Allahabad and propagated use of khadi cloths. When her husband was arrested, to prevent him delivering a "seditious" public speech, she went in his place to read it out. She was twice arrested by British authorities.

Kamala died from tuberculosis in Switzerland while Jawaharlal Nehru’s was in prison. She spent some time at Gandhi's ashram with Kasturba Gandhi.

3.10. Vijaya Lakshmi Pundit (August 18, 1900 - December 1, 1990)
She is the daughter of Motilal Nehru, was the president of Congress and brother Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. She was inspired by Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi and impressed by Sarojini Naidu. She entered the Non Co-operation Movement to fight against the British rule.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pundit represented India in many of the conferences abroad. She attended numerous public lectures and challenged the British dominated delegate’s rights to represent India therein. She was a great fighter and took parts in many of the freedom movement .She was arrested in 1932 and sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment. She was arrested in 1940 and yet again during the Quit India Movement in 1942.


After a century of revolutions, struggle, blood shedding, Sathyagrahas and sacrifices, India finally achieved independence on August 15, 1947. The Hindus, the Muslims, the Sikhs, the Christian and all the other brave sons and daughters of India fought shoulder to shoulder to throw out the British.
Perhaps for the first and the only time in world history, the power of a mighty global empire 'on which the sun never set', had been challenged and overcome by the moral might of a people armed only with peace, ideals and courage.

Women shouldered critical responsibilities in India's struggle for freedom. They held public meetings, organized picketing of shops selling foreign alcohol and articles, sold Khadi and actively participated in National Movements. They bravely faced the baton of the police and went behind the iron bars. Hundreds and thousands of Indian women dedicated their lives for obtaining freedom of their motherland and only very few could include in this essay due to space restriction.

5. References
• Freedom Fighters of India 4th Volume …..Edited by M.G. Agrawal,
• Role of women in India's freedom struggle… by V Rajendra Raju
• Women in India's Freedom Struggle… Nawaz B Mody

eXTReMe Tracker
Copyright © 2006. All Rights Reserved.
Site Designed & Hosted By TEK WEB VISUALS