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Comparison of US Presidential election between India’s Lok sabha election


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Comparison of US Presidential election between India’s Lok sabha election

The best way to compare US Presidential election with India’s Lok sabha elections is analyzing both countries election processes.

India is the world’s largest democratic country and the Election Commission is the apex body that conducts the elections. Both the general and the assembly elections in India are held in accordance with the clear rules laid down by the Election Commission of India.

The citizens of India are trusted with the responsibility to choose the head of the country as well as of the state. There are both General and State elections that are held in the country based on the Federal structure of the Indian Republic.

India follows a bicameral legislative structure. The members to the “House of the People” or the Lok Sabha are elected through the General elections. These members are chosen from the parliamentary constituencies. The number of parliamentary constituencies in a state depends upon the size and the population of the state. The executive along with the Council of Ministers is chosen from among the members of the winning party or the ruling coalition, as the case may be.

The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, and it has been modified by the 12th, 22nd, and 23rd amendments. United States Presidential Election Process is mainly carried out by the electors who are the people’s representatives in various states. The first step is the selection of the "delegates". The delegates are chosen by the various states of the US. Many of the states use "presidential primary", while some use a series of "caucuses and conventions".

The process of electing candidates at the state level is done in three steps. They are the Primaries and Caucuses, National Conventions and General (or Popular) Election. The delegates are chosen at local caucuses and later narrowed at district conventions. The candidates of the two major parties are finalized only at the state conventions. The delegates representing each state go to national conventions. This is the final step. At the national conventions, the respective parties officially announce their candidates and the process of general election begins.
In the general election, the voters do not cast their vote directly for an individual presidential candidate. In reality, the voters cast their vote for a group of people known as "electors". The electors are the members of the Electoral College from the various US states and they in turn cast their vote for the preferred candidate.. Once the general elections take place, the first phase of the US presidential election is completed.

In the second phase, the "presidential electors" cast the votes to choose a president and a vice-president. A president is elected if he or she receives an absolute majority of the electoral votes cast.

In USA elections held after 4 yrs were as in India elections held after 5 yrs and both countries spent huge amount for the polls. Lok Sabha polls (Rs 10,000 crore) to cost more than US(Rs 8,000 crore) presidential election

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